An Example of SMS Text Phishing

Phishing—a technique grounded in social engineering—remains an effective way for attackers to trick people into giving up sensitive information. Potential victims can be contacted by email, fax, phone calls and SMS text messages. Below is an example of such a scam sent through SMS—a practice sometimes called smishing.

In this case, the recipient is requested to visit to update account information, supposedly so that he or she can continue using Verizon services.

The phone number of the SMS message’s sender was most likely spoofed.

The malicious domain appears to have been shut down by its registrar several hours after the phishing text message was received. When it was still active, the victim visiting the link on the SMS message would have seen the following page that mimicked the Verizon Wireless website:

All elements of this page were unclickable images with the exception of the form that prompted the victim for his or her Verizon account credentials. The “Sign In” button would submit the data to the phisher’s server-side confirm.php script. Here’s an excerpt from the page’s HTML code:

A similar incident was publicly described by another person about a month earlier. In that case, the sender was being directed to another malicious URL. The phishing SMS message stated “V.erizon.wireless.update. Please click on http:// and proceed.” (Don’t go there.)

Mobile phone users are especially vulnerable to social engineering scams. One of the reasons for this, as pointed out by ESET’s Randy Abrams, is that “virtually none of the visual indicators that help even a moderately savvy novice computer user make informed decision are present on mobile devices.”

Russ Klanke documented the steps for reporting a suspicious SMS message to the GSMA Spam Reporting Service by sending a text to short code 7726 (SPAM).

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— Lenny Zeltser


About the Author

Lenny Zeltser develops teams, products, and programs that use information security to achieve business results. Over the past two decades, Lenny has been leading efforts to establish resilient security practices and solve hard security problems. As a respected author and speaker, he has been advancing cybersecurity tradecraft and contributing to the community. His insights build upon 20 years of real-world experiences, a Computer Science degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and an MBA degree from MIT Sloan.

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