Several Malware Analysis Reports to Learn From

Analyzing malware helps you understand the overall threat landscape. The next best thing to reverse-engineering malicious programs yourself is learning from other analysts’ reports.

Here are several excellent write-ups, authored by different researchers, which describe several types of malicious software:

  • Murofet exhibits file infection and password stealing abilities. Marco Giuliani at Prevx provided insightful analysis of this specimen.
  • Avzhan is a growing family of DDoS bots. Jeff Edwards at Arbor Networks offered a comprehensive overview of this family of malware.
  • Visal is an email worm that spreads links to malicious Windows executable files. It was thoroughly examined by SecureWorks.
  • The Hottest girls on Facebook" worm uses clickjacking and social engineering to propagate. It was researched by Krzysztof Kotowicz. George Deglin examined another example of a Facebook worm.
  • A malicious PDF file can split JavaScript across several objects. An example of this technique was documented by Tamas Rudnai at Websense.
  • Attacks often combine a malicious PDF file with a Windows executable. One such incident was analyzed by Curt Wilson.

I periodically post interesting malware analysis reports from across the web on the Reverse-Engineering Malware Course page on Facebook.

If you’d like to improve your own malware report-writing skills, take a look at my earlier note What to Include in a Malware Analysis Report, which includes a mind-map template.

Lenny Zeltser


About the Author

Lenny Zeltser develops products and programs that use security to achieve business results. He is the CISO at Axonius and Faculty Fellow at SANS Institute. Lenny has been leading efforts to establish resilient security practices and solve hard security problems for over two decades. A respected author and practitioner, he has been advancing tradecraft and contributing to the community. His insights build upon real-world experience, a Computer Science degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and an MBA degree from MIT Sloan.

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