This cheat sheet presents practical tips for finding and getting the right job in the information technology industry. To print, use the one-sheet PDF version; you can also edit the Word version for you own needs. If you like this, take a look at my other IT cheat sheets.
Preparing Yourself in Advance
- Understand what jobs you want to pursue in the short term and as part of your long-term career.
- Determine what skill and experience requirements the jobs you desire have.
- Devise and begin executing the plan to obtain the relevant education, training and certifications.
- Obtain the skills and experience through personal and work projects. Balance depth with breadth.
- Be careful not to become complacent in a job that makes you too comfortable.
- Build an online persona that’s both appropriate for you and desirable by potential employers.
- Craft several “elevator pitches” to explain who you are and what type of jobs you might be interested in.
- Treat yourself as a multifaceted company when managing your career.
Social Networking as Part of Your Career
- Build professional relationships with people before you start asking them for job search-related favors.
- Consider how you might help others along their career path and offer assistance when appropriate.
- Ask for advice, feedback and guidance of the professionals whom you respect.
- Seek “informational interviews” when learning about a potential company or a job you might pursue later.
- Don’t take for granted the career advice and help offered by people in your professional network.
- Keep the members of your social network regularly apprised of your career progress.
Finding the IT Position Worth Pursuing
- Understand what characteristics make you stand out from your competition. What makes you an expert?
- Look for job postings on companies’ websites and on dedicated job-listing websites. (That’s a given.)
- Find a good recruiter appropriate for your industry and make sure he or she understands you.
- Allow potential employers to find you, even if you aren’t looking for your job, so serendipity can occur.
- Consider whether you’ll need to move to the locations that have the job openings you seek.
- Explore multiple single social circles when looking a job: friends, former colleagues, college friends, etc.
- Participate in events attended by the people within the industries or companies where want to work.
- Network within the companies you want to join to find positions that might not be officially advertised.
- Consider whether you’ll accept a less attractive job to break into the field, industry or company you desire.
- Find a way to contact the hiring manager directly, in addition to applying trough the official channel.
Crafting And Polishing Your Resume
- Review resumes of similarly-skilled people to understand your job options and competition.
- Understand the job requirements of the position beyond what’s in the official description.
- Customize your resume to match the specific requirements of the position you’re pursuing.
- Make sure that every bullet point in your resume answers the question “So What?“
- Don’t rely on your resume as the primary way of getting the job for which you’re applying.
- Be truthful and brief in your resume’s text.
- Describe both technical as well as “soft” skills (communications, sales. etc.) in the resume.
Handling the Interview For an IT Job
- Research the organization and the position you’re pursuing. How are they different from others?
- Research the people who will interview you, so you can better engage them during the conversation.
- Find out the dress-code for the interview. When in doubt, it’s usually safer to over-dress.
- Ask your interviewing questions beyond those for which answers can easily be found online.
- Treat the interview as a conversation, not a one-sided Q&A session.
- Try to get to know the culture of the company where you might end up working as part of the discussion.
- Send a thank-you note after the interview, referring to the specific items discussed in the interview.
Negotiating the Compensation Package
- Understand what salary you can expect by looking at survey findings, job postings, peer discussions, etc.
- Be prepared to answer the potential employer’s questions about your current compensation.
- Consider all aspects of the compensation package, including salary, bonus, benefits, training, perks, etc.
- Understand which aspects of the compensation package the employer can actually negotiate.
- Understand your alternatives to a negotiated agreement (BATNA) to know when to say “no.”
- Stay engaged with the hiring manager throughout the negotiations process, which might span weeks.
- Remember to show that you’re excited about the new job and that you also value your self-worth.
- Research and practices influence techniques that might add to your negotiating power of confidence.
Career Tips for Information Security
- Brian Krebs’ series of interviews on breaking into the information security industry
- InfoSec Leaders’ career columns focusing on the information security field
- Hal Pomeranz’ advice on getting started in information security or any other career
- Lenny Zeltser’s video interview on recruiting information security professionals
If you have suggestions for improving this cheat sheet, please let me know. This cheat sheet is distributed according to the Creative Commons v3 “Attribution” License. File version 1.0. Take a look at my other IT cheat sheets.